THE Indonesian Government has declared its support for harbour decarbonisation and low carbon fuel for shipping starting from 2036, reports Jakarta's Antara News Agency.
This would be accomplished through the use of ammonia, hydrogen and biofuel, according to Sea Transport Director General at the Transportation Ministry Arif Toha during a G20 Side Event: International Conference on Shipping Decarbonisation in Indonesia.
The Transportation Ministry has continued to optimise the development of a competitive sea transportation sector within the National Harbour Master Plan (RIPN), he said.
G20 is a multilateral cooperation group that comprises 19 countries and the European Union (EU). Indonesia is holding the presidency of the group this year and will host the G20 Summit in Bali this month.
There are currently 636 harbours used to serve sea transportation in Indonesia, 57 terminals that are part of the harbours, and 1,322 harbour location plans.
Some 1,242 harbours in Indonesia are actively endeavoring to drive sustainable economic improvement. The mandatory steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping have begun since January 1, 2013.
These include having all new ships above 400 gross tons to be designed to reach the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) below the established standard.
Moreover, all ships must carry and implement the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) by using the Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI) as a monitoring tool and a benchmark.